Which dog breeds originated in Canada?

November 9th, 2019

Canada is known as a snowy place and home to some of the world’s most popular dog breeds. The Canadians are really a dog-loving bunch. In 2016, the total dog population in the country reached 7.6 million furry friends and approximately 41 per cent Canadian households own at least one dog.

Here are five lovable dog breeds that originated in Canada

Labrador retriever

It is the world’s most popular dog originated from Canada. This breed once was called the St. John’s water dog, used by boat crews to help pull nets in from the cold North Atlantic waters and around 1820, it was exported to England. Confusingly, this family oriented dog got its start in Newfoundland, not in Labrador.

As theirs name, originally, bred to retrieve game birds and small games for hunters, they now have a predisposition to obedience, learning and pleasing their owners. They are commonly utilized as assistance dogs and also recognized as one of the least aggressive dog breeds. Therefore, they are perfectly suited for families because they get on well with children. Moreover, they are energetic and very sociable creatures thus require at least one hour of exercise a day to flourish. They easily form bonds with people in general and are not typically snappy, hostile or “one-man dogs” according to their easy-going dispositions. However, they don’t serve as good guard dogs.

In addition to their upbeat personality and fierce love of the family, they come in a wide range of colors and boast a slightly wavy, water-resistant topcoat that sheds throughout the year. It means they need regular brushing, baths and regular grooming. You can look around for a good local groomer and spend on professional grooming services. However, professional grooming in dog salon can get expensive and add up quickly, can be time consuming so home grooming is just a good choice for many dog owners. . In order to make the trimming process as easy as possible and painless for both you and your puppy, you should choose a high-quality pair of dog grooming clippers, you can see the list of dog clipper at crittersitca.


Like Labradors, Newfoundlands are also derived from St. John’s water dogs but they are thought to be descended with the Portuguese Mastiffs, which would account for their large size and great strength. They are lovably known as “Newfs” and not any dogs can get much more Canadian than them since they are big, supper friendly, intelligent and are used to the cold.

In the past, they Newfs were utilized initially as a working dog, particularly valuable for sailors as they had webbed feet and swimming technique enabling them to rescue drowning people, haul in nets and even pull small boats. With their courageous and brave demeanor, Newfounlands, throughout the years, have been well-known as live-saving and rescue dog. While at home, this dog breed can receive plenty of exercise and do best.

When it comes to appearance, they are recognized for their massive stature so they also have other nickname: “gentle giant”. Their coat varies but with some standard colors like black, brown, grey and white-and-back. Their water-resistant coat requires weekly brushing and regular grooming to prevent mats in the undercoat.

In spite of the colossal size, they are quite calm and docile and as a result, are pretty adept with children. Not only known as excellent working or companion dogs, they have especially earned another nickname: “nanny dogs”

Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever

Toller is a true Canadian breed and almost unknown outside the country. Originally, Nava Scotia Duck Tolling dogs were developed in Yarmouth County named Nova Scotia.  Now they are the province’s official dog. Seeing this name, you may think this pooch collects money from ducks but no, to “toll” here means to attract prey by arousing their curiosity. Being the smallest retriever breed, Tollers romp and play at the water’s edge to entice game birds, which sparks curiosity from ducks and geese. When the birds are close, the hunter rises from behind a blind and sends them into flight and gunshot range. After that, the Toller runs into the water to retrieve the bird that is shot down. However, Tollers are not watchdogs at all though they, sometimes, let loose with a high-pitched howl called the “Toller scream” and they don’t have an aggressive bark.

Canadian Eskimo dog

It is considered to be one of the oldest and rarest breeds of the indigenous canines in North America. Canadian Eskimo dogs are thought to have been introduced to North America from Siberia by the Thule people about 1000 years ago and genetically identical to Greenland dogs. They prefer cold weather and sleep outside even in winter. In 2008, the dog was threatened with extinction with only 300 of the breed left in the world as snowmobiles became more and more common in the Arctic. Thankfully, some efforts have been made to preserve the species.

Labrador Husky

The Labrador Huskies are breed used a lot for work as they are very strong and fast sled dogs in the north of Canadian. Although the breed’s name may be confusing, it is not a mix between a Labrador retriever and a husky. This breed is very little known and many of them are homeless due to their services aren’t needed. Currently, there is a lack of neuter programs in rural parts of Canada.

Being a fairly large dog, the Labrador Husky can weigh up to 60-100 pounds and can grow to 20-28 inches. They have thick, double-haired coat which protects them from the bitterly cold temperatures during Labrador’s long winters.

This purebred originated from Canada is energetic, fun loving, friendly, not aggressive with strangers and well behaved if socialized properly. This breed can also get along well with children, especially if reared with them. They work well in a pack and being with other dogs always makes them happy. Moreover, they are very intelligent that can be trained very easily.

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